When there’s an imbalance between the amount of fluid that your eyes create and the amount that drains from it, this leads to an increase in your internal eye pressure, the disease known as glaucoma. Left undetected and untreated, it can cause severe damage to your optic nerve and eventually, even blindness. In fact, it’s the second leading cause of blindness overall. We at San Tan Eye Care recommend a sound strategy for diagnosis and management of glaucoma. It all begins with a yearly eye exam. That’s a big part of our Chandler eye care.
Like most common eye diseases, glaucoma is sneaky and “silent.” You can’t just expect that some obvious signs will alert you so that you can come in and have it taken care of. It’s in the formative stages that there are no symptoms, but by the time you do notice a problem, it is very likely that you have already suffered some degree of vision loss or damage to your optic nerve, which may not be reversible. When you come in for your yearly eye exam, our optometrist will perform various tests, starting with tonometry, which measures your current internal eye pressure. Other tests include checking your peripheral (side to side) vision, and taking photos of your optic nerve. All of these tests will determine if you do have glaucoma. If so, a management plan will be the next step in our Chandler eye care.
Exactly how glaucoma is approached depends on how far the disease has progressed to that point and if any vision loss or optic nerve damage has already occurred. If caught early enough, eye drops may be all that is required. They act to reduce the amount of fluid that your eyes create and this prevents a buildup of fluid and a subsequent increase in pressure. Another highly effective method is to use laser surgery to enhance your eye’s ability to drain the excess fluid. If necessary or if less invasive methods aren’t efficient enough, our Chandler eye care may recommend microsurgery, in which a new channel will be created from which your eye fluid will drain properly.